Charles River Wheelers

WheelPeople: Your Bike Club Newsletter

Stay up-to-date with the latest Charles River Wheelers news, events, and rides. Our WheelPeople newsletter is tailored for current and prospective members seeking bike-related updates, expert advice, and cycling inspiration. Don't miss a beat – join our vibrant community today! Access our archived issues here.

WheelPeople Articles

  • 2023-10-20 4:28 PM | Anonymous

    By Eli Post

    I look for a solution
    To deal with my confusion
    About a winter sport
    That does not fall short
    To the excitement of biking
    And will be to my liking.

    This may be wishful thinking
    I'm better off drinking
    To find a biking replacement
    I could look in the basement
    Or better yet, keep on riding
    Always law-abiding

    Look winter in the eye
    And to the cold, say good-bye
    But not give up biking
    Which is to my liking

    Winter is coming
    I should be humming
    A tune of regret
    Or break into a cold sweat
    But I will continue to ride,
    Good sense aside
    With snow on my face
    The cold I will embrace.




  • 2023-10-20 2:52 PM | Anonymous

    BY Nancy Clark


         Staying on top of the latest sports nutrition news can be a full-time job. Between conferences, webinars, and journal articles, I learn a lot of information that I like to translate into practical tips to share with athletes, like you! Enjoy this news you can use! (The research was presented at the  International Sport & Exercise Nutrition Conference in the UK.)


    • If you try to “stay away” from peanut butter, deeming it to be fattening, think again! Peanut butter—and peanuts in any form—contribute to no more weight gain than the same number of calories from carbohydrate-rich snacks. In a 10-week weight-gain study that included lifting weights three times a week, 28 athletic women and men (average age, 25.) consumed:
    — an extra 500 calories of peanuts and peanut butter-based snacks, or

    —an extra 500 calories of peanut-free carb-based snack foods (such as pretzels, fruit chews, bagels).

    The carb-snackers gained about 6 pounds; the peanut eaters gained only about 3.5 pounds. How could this be?

         One explanation is the fiber and fat in peanut butter is satiating. That means, it keeps you feeling fed for longer than fat-free foods, such as pretzels. Peanut butter can curb your appetite, so you end up eating fewer calories overall for the day.

         This study helps confirm why I vote peanut butter to be one of the best sports foods around (assuming you are not allergic to it)! Peanut butter requires no  refrigeration, is anti-inflammatory, nutrient rich, inexpensive,  and most importantly, yummy. How about enjoying more peanut butter on bananas for your morning and afternoon snacks?


    • When an athlete goes on a low-carb / low-calorie diet, their bones also go on a diet. In a study with 327 runners (ages 18-35) who trained 8 or more hours a week, those who restricted carbs and/or trained without having first eaten, experienced 1.5 times more bone injuries More research is needed to learn how carbs and calories can influence bone health. In the meantime, enjoy carb-based grains, fruits and veggies at every meal.


    • With global warming, athletes who exercise in the heat should take steps to prevent problems related to elevated body temperature. One tip is to pre-cool your body prior to exercise. Try drinking ice water or slushies, or suck on ice chips. Doing so might help you have greater endurance.


    • A study of professional female soccer players reports they burned about 2,900 calories per day. Of that, about 1,400 calories supported their resting metabolic rate (calories needed to be alive) and about 1,200 calories were burned during exercise, the rest supported general daily activities. This equates to about three 700 to 800 calorie meals per day plus two 200 to 300 calorie snacks.  That’s a lot of food! For athletes who may wonder, Why do I feel hungry all the time?, the answer might be because your body is hungry!


    . When female athletes undereat, they commonly stop having regular menstrual periods. When male athletes undereat, they experience hormonal changes that can lead to loss of sex drive. In a study with 10 healthy, active males (25 years.) who strictly dieted for five days—they ate less food and exercised more—the calorie deficit caused significant physiological changes. The men lost about 6 pounds (losing more muscle than fat, as happens with quick weight loss). Their thyroid hormones dropped, as did their testosterone levels.

         Restrictive dieting not only reduces calorie intake, but also intake of protein, calcium, iron, zinc, and many other valuable nutrients needed to maintain optimal health and performance. Don’t consciously restrict your eating and stop eating at meals just because you think you should. Listen to your body; stop eating because you feel content, not just because the food is gone.


    •  Athletes in endurance sports (such as runners, triathletes) and jumping sports (such as basketball and volleyball players) prefer to be light to enhance their performance.  The problem is long-term restrictive eating can contribute to health issues. In a study comparing weight-conscious male athletes (age 24.) to a group of fitness exercisers, the athletes were leaner, but they had lower levels of thyroid hormone (a sign they were conserving energy). They also had weaker bones. If you skimp on food to be lean, your best bet is to seek guidance from a registered dietitian (RD) who specializes in sports dietetics (CSSD). This professional can help you healthfully achieve your weight goals. Use the referral network at to find your local sports dietitian.


    • Personal trainers commonly believe they should have a “perfect” physique to achieve success in their careers. This can put them at high risk for developing eating disorders and disordered eating. Among personal trainers who responded to recruitment messages on Twitter and Instagram, 15% reported high levels of disordered eating behaviors (binge-eating, restrictive dieting, over-exercising). Sadly, these trainers are seen as role models. We need authentic fitness leaders who represent a variety of sizes and shapes the average exerciser can attain and maintain. Don’t be fooled; a “perfect body” generally comes with a high cost.


    • Some women gain “belly fat” at the time of menopause. This might be related to midlife lifestyle changes and aging, as well as to hormonal shifts. Peri-menopausal women who had big dinners and snacked frequently at the end of the day tended to have more belly fat than those who front-loaded their calories. One suggested weight management solution (for both women and men) is to eat less at night. A satiating high-protein breakfast can help reduce the urge to overeat at the end of the day. Peanut butter on a bagel with a side of Greek yogurt, anyone?


    Nancy Clark MS RD CSSD  counsels both fitness exercisers and competitive athletes in the Boston-area (Newton; 617-795-1875). Her best-selling Sports Nutrition Guidebook is a popular resource, as is her online workshop. Visit for more information.


  • 2023-10-20 2:19 PM | Anonymous

    BY Doctor Gabe Mirkin (This article is curtesy of Dr. Mirkin)

    More than 40 percent of North American adults are seriously overweight, which puts them at high risk for heart attacks, diabetes, certain cancers and premature death (Population Studies, Feb 9, 2023;77(1)). Researchers at Boston University have explained how being obese is a major cause of heart attacks and death from heart attacks by preventing the bad LDL (Low Density Lipoprotein) cholesterol from performing its beneficial functions such as helping to form cell membranes (J Lipid Res, Sep 28, 2023;100451). Obesity prevents cholesterol from being deposited where you need it and sends it into arteries where it can form plaques that eventually may break off to cause heart attacks. Obesity can also overstimulate your immune system to cause a host of diseases.

    How Obesity Raises LDL Cholesterol
    Cholesterol is a fat that is insoluble in the bloodstream, so the only way that the fatty cholesterol can be carried in the bloodstream is inside balls called lipoproteins. The lipoprotein ball called LDL cholesterol has major beneficial functions to supply cholesterol to:
    • all the cells in your body, because cholesterol is necessary to make cell membranes
    • your liver to make bile

    • your glands to make many different hormones including your sex hormones, parathyroid hormones and other hormones
    • kidneys to control urine production
    • skin to make vitamin D

    • immune system to make cells and cytokines to kill invading germs

    Your liver can make all the cholesterol you need, but most people get about 20 percent or more of their cholesterol from their food. Eating foods with saturated fat and added sugars can raise blood cholesterol levels so high that you are at increased risk for suffering heart attacks, strokes and some types of cancers. Most adults should restrict saturated fats (meat, milk, egg yolks, cheese, butter), foods and drinks with added sugars, and many other packaged processed foods and fast foods that will raise LDL cholesterol.

    HDL cholesterol is a lipoprotein ball that helps shuttle extra cholesterol from your bloodstream into your liver, which breaks down cholesterol and flushes it from your body.

    How Obesity Causes Inflammation
    The study from Boston University demonstrated that obesity causes an overactive immune system (inflammation) that shifts the beneficial deposition of cholesterol from tissues that need and use it into arterial walls that form plaques and immune cells that cause inflammation. In this study, obese people had bariatric surgery to decrease food absorption and were tested 6 and 12 months later. They were found to have lost a lot of weight, inflammation decreased and blood level of LDL cholesterol dropped significantly (J Lipid Res, Sep 28, 2023;100451).

    Losing Fat Can Markedly Lower LDL Cholesterol
    LDL cholesterol balls are supposed to deposit their cholesterol into normal LDL receptors in cells to offer lots of health benefits. However, in obese people, the high fat content in their cells prevents LDL cholesterol from delivering cholesterol to normal LDL receptors that cells need to form healthy cells. Instead, the LDL deposited cholesterol into two scavenger receptors that can cause excess and harmful cholesterol to accumulate in arteries to form plaques that can break off to cause heart attacks. As patients continued to lose weight, the LDL lipoprotein ball improved its ability to deposit cholesterol into normal LDL receptors in cells so they could function more normally.

    My Recommendations
    If you are overweight, you have many ways available to reach a more healthful weight. Check with your doctor to see if you have medical problems that need treatment, and then make the lifestyle changes that will help you lose weight:
    • Join an exercise group or set up a home exercise program
    • Get advice on a healthful diet
    • Participate in groups of people with similar weight loss goals
    • Talk to your doctor about weight loss drugs, including the latest ones that are proving successful for some people. Also discuss drugs to lower cholesterol, high blood pressure and clotting. If you are extremely obese, you may want to discuss weight loss surgery

  • 2023-10-20 1:36 PM | Anonymous

    Erik D'Entremont and Mark  Nardone ran the Cranberry Century held on October 14, 2023. This aricle is a report to the CRW Board.

    We also include a comment by CRW President Edward Cheng:" Thank you everyone, and congratulations.  This is an important event for CRW and you volunteers are at the heart of it. Special thanks to Erik (and Mark) for taking the lead in organizing it."

    By Erik D’Entremont

    • Hello CRW Board             

      The Cranberry Ride was a success.

    We had 369 Registrations with 270 riders who checked in.
      • We generated $11,245 in fee revenue.

      Our expenses are still be submitted but I expect to be over budget as we had additional permit, DCR and medal expenses for the year.

      The Water stops all went great without issue. Our sponsored stops at Mattapoisett and Tamarack did great! All of our volunteers were Awesome!


      • John O’Dowd – Ride leader management, parking coordination and Distribution and so much more ! You rock Buddy!
      • Everett Briggs – Sat Distribution, East Over Water Stop Stud and Post Distribution, I could NOT have done Sat/Sun without you! You Rock the Fro Man!
      • Barbara Jacobs- New 28 Mile ride recon and development. Peg Primak and Ted Nyder assisted.
      • Water Stops: Mattapoisett Bonnie and gang: Our riders loved the bike path, Come Back Next Year!
        • Tamarak – Karen, Tim, Faith, TiM and Jim – You guys did great! Come back Next Year!
        • East Over – Barbara, Girls and Everett – Newbies and Vets getting it done with out a tent, Come back next year!
      • Registration: Stan and Francie- Toughing it out in wind and park cell issues.
      • Ride leaders: Barbara, David, Peg, John O, Jerry S, Hermin, Meagan, Ted- CRW Ambassadors that did a great job, good safety talks!
      • Sudbury Dist and Food- Marlene, John, Bary , Clyde – Every rest stop had enough of everything. The Catholic Charities Food Pantry (Everett!) received a welcomed donation with our extra fruit etc..
      • College After Party: Kermit, Fancie, Tim and many more: We rocked the Pond!

      My apologies if I left anyone out. I appreciate every effort and hope you come back and do it again.  

      There will be a CRW Volunteer EOY Party announcement soon under CRW Events, STAY TUNED.

      Thank you all for making the 2023  CRW Century season a success! WE APPRECAITE YOU!

    • A special thank you to our CRW Volunteers Superstars,

    In Gratitude
    Erik D’Entremont
    Mark Nardone

  • 2023-10-20 10:30 AM | Anonymous

    By John Allen

    I was with my grandfather Stewart when he bought this beautiful 16-foot wood and canvas canoe at the Canadian Tire store in Huntsville, Ontario in the summer of 1951 or 1952.

    He taught me how to paddle and steer at the stern. I have a story from my early years canoeing with him, and you may read it here:

    My grandmother Stewart paid for my first bicycle as a present on my 7th birthday. Some 70 years later, I still paddle the same canoe, and I still ride a bicycle – not the same one though. I grew into the canoe and outgrew the bicycle.

    I was never interested in ball sports or any good at them, and even in elementary school, I opted out of the ego-driven prestige routine that went with proficiency and participation in them. So, in a way, it is not odd that I became skillful at two favored athletic activities in which most participants achieve a very low skill level. This brings up the issue of safety measures.

    When my grandfather and I paddled over open water at night during the little adventure I described in my canoeing article, we may have had floatable kapok-filled cushions in the bottom of the boar, but we were not wearing lifejackets. Nor did we have any lights – but then nobody else was out on the bay in a boat. But also, the only lights that could work in a canoe would have incandescent bulbs that would run a battery down in an hour or two. Really, nobody else was foolish enough to be out on the lake in a canoe after dark, without even a flashlight – but we thought nothing of it, We would have heard them before we saw them, though people in a motorboat would neither have hears nor possibly seen us. It would have been good to have packed a flashlight...

    These days, I could easily be cited, even arrested, for boating without the proper safety equipment, and I would never do that.

    In the photo of me on my first bicycle, I am not wearing a helmet. Nor did I wear one till 1975, when proper ones had become available. I remember one close call with a car when I was a boy – with screeching of car brakes – my mistake for riding out into the street unaware of the car.

    I first wore a helmet in 1975, and in 1978, I had my only collision with a motor vehicle: sideswiped by a drunk driver. In 1984, a stick got caught in my front wheel and I did a face plant. Both times, a helmet saved me from what would have been a serious and perhaps fatal head injury.

    Once I briefly took up scuba diving, and on my first ocean dive, both my snorkel and the mouthpiece from my air supply floated up where I could not reach them. My buddy had to retrieve them. I was not a skillful scuba diver, and I quickly chose to give up that activity. On the other hand, I have never felt myself to be in danger in a canoe, or swimming, thanks to an excellent Red Cross water safety course I took at age 12 for a Boy Scout merit badge. I do count myself as skillful at both canoeing and cycling, and competent at elementary swimming and self-rescue, but as this article has, I hope, made clear, I was not always.

    So I understand, or hope I understand, the mentality of people in that situation. Many people are in that situation, in both canoeing and bicycling. Why? It is possible for people with a low skill level to make some kind of forward progress over the water in a canoe or along a street on a bicycle, but neither bicycling nor canoeing as an activity is a competitive sport, so there is no pressure for casual participants to improve skills.

    You’ll see many bicyclists who do not even know how to mount and dismount gracefully, and casual canoeists at rental locations taking two or three paddle strokes on the left, then two or three on the right as the boat slalmos along. They do not know the J stroke to keep the canoe going in a straight line without switching sides.

    At least though, with canoeing, there is no intense downward pressure of badvocacy like with bicycling. I don't know of anyone giving canoeing advice who tells casual participants not to wear a lifejacket, because that might discourage other people from canoeing, and safety in numbers will save you from being run down by a motorboat! Most people who paddle a canoe badly have rented the canoe, and the renters always supply lifejackets. I see them out on the Charles River on any nice summer day.

    Quite the opposite with bicycling. Fear and denialism prevail. Advice is common. “look, the Dutch don’t wear helmets, and they have a lower injury rate than we do.” So, what, me worry? What these articles don’t point out is that Dutch motorists drive, as an American reporter once described it “like walking on eggshells,” and the typical Dutch cyclists typically ride around 8 miles per hour...

    I did that when I was a kid, and look, I survived! Well, this is now and that was then. You won’t be hearing from the people who didn’t.

  • 2023-10-20 7:26 AM | Anonymous

    By John O'Dowd

    Hello ride leaders!

    It’s almost time for our annual ride leader thank you party! Time to celebrate all the rides we led (or tried to lead) and the new friends we’ve made this year! We will have delicious food from Blue Ribbon BBQ and yummy vegetarian treats as well.

    And of course, a nice selection of beer and wines.

    If you need another reason to party with your friends, CRW wants to reward your efforts with our new CRW socks. These are an exclusive gift to our ride leaders; no one else gets them but you! It’s just a small token of our appreciation of the work you do to make this club a success.

    Here are the details:

    When: Sunday November 19th

    Where: The Lexington Depot, 13 Depot Square, Lexington, MA 02420

    Time: 5:00 pm for drinks and appetizers, 6:00 for dinner

    And of course, behind every great ride leader stands their spouse/partner, and we want to thank them too for sacrificing their time with you to lead rides. So feel free to bring them along!

    How: Register for this event like you would a ride. When registering you can add a guest - scroll to the bottom of your registration page and check off that you are bringing a guest.  

    Sign up today! Seating is limited! Don’t miss out on this once-a-year extravaganza!

  • 2023-09-20 7:57 PM | Anonymous

    To celebrate my 75th birthday, I decided to head to the upper Midwest.

    Early September would be a good time to start.

    The summer heat should be over by then.

    And, there are no mountains or steep hills.


    I started at the border of Manitoba and North Dakota, and then headed south.

    I quickly crossed over the Red River, and I spent the rest of the trip in Minnesota.


    For the first several days, I was pushed along by a wind from the north.

    However, the settlements were very small, leaving few places to eat or drink.

    Sugar beet farms stretched for miles and miles. (Picture is Early morning on Central Lakes Trail)


    I was averaging 50 miles per day, but on day 4, I pushed myself to ride 75 miles.

    I had planned to stop at mile 45, but with the help of a tail wind, i arrived at 12;30.

    The next motel was 30 miles away, so I foolishly kept going.

    Needless to say, I was tired when I arrived in Wahpeton, North Dakota.


    By the next day, the tail wind turned into a head wind! ( Picture is Royal Canadian Mounted Police statue)

    The next motel was 60 miles south, so I decided to head east.

    There was a motel only 30 miles away.  I needed an easy day.


    In Fergus Falls, I noticed a bike trail, the Central Lakes Trail.

    I usually am not a fan of bike trails, especially those in big cities.

    But this trail was relatively unused.

    Once out of Fergus Falls, I rarely saw anyone for 25 miles!

    Straight, flat, wide, and sometimes tree-lined, I became a rail trail fan.


    After 50 miles, the Central Rail Trail became the Lake Wobegon Trail. (Picture is road sign Entering Minnesota after crosing the Red River.)

    This combined trail went about 125 miles.

    Only near the end at St. Joseph did the bike traffic pick up.


    I had no predetermined route on this trip.

    But as I approached Minneapolis, I figured it was time to rent a car and head home.Downtown Ad, Minnesota


    After the bike trail ended, I picked up part of the Mississippi River Trail (MRT).

    Some of this trail was a bike trail, and part was on roads.

    But it often ran right next to the river, offering spectacular views.


    After 8 days of small towns, I started entering the Minneapolis suburbs.

    My map app sent me down roads with bike lanes.

    However, my phone started losing power, and it had the only directions to the airport and my rental car.World's Largest Catfish, Wahpeton,North Dakota


    So I had to stop at a Dairy Queen where a kind young man charged my phone.

    Once back on my bike, I knew there was only ONE way that a bike could get to the airport.  It involved a bike trail that went through a wooded area, parallel to a major highway.  The only way to the airport was to take a bridge across the highway.


    So, here is where things got "interesting".

    Without warning, the bike path was barricaded for repairs!

    And as I looked at my phone for another route, I realized that the phone was almost out of power. Yikes!

    So I backtracked, hopefully to find another route to the airport.

    It was then that I spotted another bicyclist, pondering his paper map. (Picture is The City Restaurant in Ashby, Minnesota )

    I asked if he knew of another route to the airport.Another diner - Avon, Minnesota


    "Nope. There's only one way.  You have to get to THE bridge."


    We were both in the same predicament. 

    But he said, maybe we can walk our bikes through the construction?


    Another diner - Avon, MinnesotagranSo off we went, walking around the barricade.

    Luckily, the dirt track was short and packed enough to ride.

    We stopped and discovered we were both long-distance bike riders.

    It was a great ending to a fun trip.


    Just as I made it to the airport bridge, my phone died.

    Somehow I found the rental car counter in a maze of buildings.


    On the long drive home I stopped to visit old friends in Chicago and Michigan.


    All and all, the weather was good (no rain), and my grandchildren now have proof that Grandpa John can ride a bike a long way...


    For a daily journal, click here:

  • 2023-09-20 5:59 PM | Anonymous

     I hope that everyone had a great summer.  We're now into the Fall riding season, the time to enjoy the changing colors of the trees and the cool weather. A shout out to our VP of Rides, John O'Dowd, the Rides Committee (Mary, Julie, Barbara, Herman, and Megan), and our Ride Leaders, for making sure that out calendar has been full of interesting weekend and recurring rides. Century season is also upon us, and we have the terrific Cranberry Harvest Century coming soon.  Be sure to sign-up for one of the three distances - a little something for everyone.

    Meanwhile,  the Fall also means that it's time for our annual elections.  We have four Board openings this year, so there are opportunities if you have interest in helping to run the club.  We have three terms ending in the usual course, and our wonderful colleague, Harriet Fell, will be stepping down at the end of the year before the end of her term because she has moved to California.   

    Let me know if you have any questions ( or look for the announcement for our zoom meeting where Board members will be available to answer questions to help you decide whether you want to run.  If there's anything that you would the club to do better, being a member of the Board will put you in the position to effect change!

    As I'm recovering from the rupture of my Achilles tendon and starting to ride again, I hope to see you on the roads!

  • 2023-09-20 3:53 PM | Anonymous

    By Coach John Hughes

    My recent column My 1979 1200 km Paris-Brest-Paris described 7 of my mistakes including nutrition mistakes.  Here’s a follow up on other nutrition mistakes, many from my own experience.

    1. Not testing food

    One of my Paris-Brest-Paris (PBP) mistakes was not testing my planned nutrition before the big event. In addition to eating at the control aid stations, I’d planned to eat primarily sandwiches with crusty French bread during PBP. I developed mouth sores and couldn’t tolerate the crusty French bread. Although it would have been logistically difficult, I should have tried eating primarily French bread sandwiches on an all-day training ride or at least subsisted on them for a couple of days at. Before your next big event test your nutrition on a training ride to be sure it’s easy to digest and works well for you. 

    2. Not eating carbs

    I laugh every time I remember this. In the 70s I rode the Mt. Lassen National Park Double Century whose motto was “Where a sags a drag.” We were on our own to buy food en route.  The first stop was a bakery – yum.  The second stop was a mountain general store – cookies and chips. The third stop was the park camp store, with a limited selection.  I had sardines, which I normally liked. Yuck. They didn’t give me much energy and were hard to digest.

    Eating While Riding: Is Sugar a Bad Thing?

    • Why bakery sweets are okay; avoiding the sugar rush and crash.

    3. Not eating regularly

    Because I couldn’t tolerate the French bread and didn’t find anything else I liked, I didn’t eat much on the 50 to 100 km sections between aid stations so the sections felt longer and longer. The American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) recommends depending on how big you are consuming 25 to 60 grams of carbs (100 to 240 calories) per hour after the first hour of exercise. Note that the recommendation is only for calories of carbs.

    4. Bonking

    On the Lassen DC I bonked. Another embarrassing case was the Colorado Triple Bypass. The ride was 120 miles over Juniper Pass (11,140 ft.), Loveland Pass (11,990 ft.), and Vail Pass (10,560 ft.). I didn’t eat at the base of Loveland so I wouldn’t be climbing with food in my stomach. I made it to the top and then it was a long hungry ride down to a mini-mart. I’ve written two related columns:

    Anti-Aging: Preventing Bonking and Hitting the Wall,

    • Importance of glycogen from carbs; how to conserve glycogen while riding.

    Preventing Bonking with Daily Nutrition

    • Daily nutrition and chronic glycogen depletion.

    5. Sports electrolyte drinks provide all you need

    Ah, the memories. In the 70s and 80s we knew we needed to replace electrolytes. E.R.G. (Electrolyte Replacement Drink) was the only option and it tasted terrible. Then Gatorade came out, which was better. However, I since learned the sodium in Gatorade and most similar sports drinks is only about half the sodium per liter as in your blood, not enough. Here’s a better option:

    An Effective and Low-Cost Homemade Sports Drink

    • It’s tastier, has more of the electrolytes you need and costs much less than a commercial product.

    6. Overhydration

    If a rider dilutes the concentration of sodium in the blood too much it can become a dangerous condition called dilutional hyponatremia, which may progress to Exercise Associated Hyponatremia (EAH). With EAH the body starts to retain fluid, rather than urinating it out. Because the body is retaining fluid the body started to bloat. The brain tries to swell but can’t because it is encased in the skull. If too much pressure builds on the brain it can become fatal. This column explains more:

    Anti-Aging: Why “Drink Before You’re Thirsty” is Dangerous

    7. Underhydration

    On the other hand becoming significantly dehydrated will affect performance. The operative word is “significantly.” On hot stages the pros can’t drink enough to stay hydrated even with the domestiques shuttling bottles. However, the pros can still climb hard and sprint fast. The American College of Sports Medicine recommends drinking enough so you don’t become more than 2% over- or under-hydrated.  If you weight 150 lbs your weight shouldn’t increase or decrease more than 3 lbs. For more information:

    Anti-Aging: 5 Signs You May Be Dehydrated

    Learning from the Pros: Heat and Hydration

    • Why they overheat (it’s not just the sun); what they drink; how they deal with dehydration.

    8. Sports nutrition is better

    The Power Bar wasn’t invented until 1986. When I started riding in the ‘70s,  I had to figure out my own sports nutrition. I was a backpacker and took Logan bread on my backpacking trips, a dense bread full of dried fruits and nuts. I tried it on the Mt. Hamilton Challenge. Dense meant hard to digest. Next I tried Pepperidge Farm cookies, which were tasty and the package fit well in my jersey pocket. I tried Power Bars and other products, which I didn’t like. Bagel and jam sandwiches were better. Research supports my choosing real food:

    What’s the Best Food for Cycling?

    • Research on regular food vs. sports nutrition; recommended ride nutrition including both sports products and real food.

    Learning from the Pros: Cycling Nutrition

    • Breakfast; during the stage; fueling the sprint; fueling the time trial.

    9. Caffeine drinks dehydrate

    I raced the 1996 Race Across America from San Diego, CA across the south to Savannah, GA. I finished in 11 days 15 hours including all my time off the bike. I used caffeine tablets to stay awake and keep moving; however, I had no problems with dehydration despite the heat. My crew was rationing the caffeine. The last day I asked for a tablet with 200 mg of caffeine. Still falling asleep. Another 200 mg. Still sleepy. They finally allowed me another 200 mg. Suddenly I could feel spiders crawling through the blood vessels in my arms. Everything in moderation. I explain more in this column:

    Caffeine and Hydraton

    • Caffeine and performance; caffeine has a minimal diuretic effect.

    10. Recovery nutrition

    In the 70s and 80s I did two week camping trips on my bike in the California mountains.  One evening I’d camped on the west side of Sonora Pass and another man rode up and joined me. Before he unloaded his gear he started eating Wheat Thins and offered me some, which were very tasty and salty. From the label one serving (16 crackers) provided 22 g (88 calories) and 230 mg of sodium. The original ones also had 5 g (45 calories) of fat. I’ve switched to the low fat ones which I keep in my car except during bear season — don’t want to tempt one to break into my car. Here’s more:

    Recovery Nutrition for Cyclists

    • Recovery nutrition for endurance; role of protein for older riders; timing of recovery nutrition.

    Ask the Coach: Best Recovery Food and Drink

    • Replacing glycogen and electrolytes; good sources of each.

    Experiment of One

    I make recommendations based on the professional literature, my coaching experience and my personal experience.  My recommendations are general; however, each of us has different tastes. Experiment to learn what is optimal for you.

    Related columns

    Anti-Aging: Nutrition, part 1: Daily Food and Drink

    • The different roles of carbohydrates, proteins and fats and healthy choices.

    Anti-Aging: Nutrition, part 2: Supplements: Vitamins, Minerals and Antioxidants

    • Four key vitamins and minerals when your over 50; the role of supplements; detailed recommendation daily amounts of all vitamins and minerals.

    Anti-Aging: 7 Nutrition Myths

    • Simple carbs are bad; hydrate or die and five other myths.

    Ask the Coach: What Should a Beginning Cyclist Eat and Drink, pt. 1?

    • Why choose carbs; which carbs are best.

    Ask the Coach: What Should a Beginning Cyclist Eat and Drink, pt. 2?

    • Which drinks are best and why.

    Nutrition for Performance

    • The physiology of energy production; what to consume for rides of different lengths.

    My eBooks

    Eating and Drinking Like the Pros I talked with racers, coaches and cooks to learn what the pros eat and translated this into information every roadie can use. I also give you 12 recipes to make your own sports nutrition. The 15 page Eating and Drinking Like the Pros is $4.99.

  • 2023-09-20 3:47 PM | Anonymous

    By Eli Post, Board Secretary

    CRW Elections for four Board Members are coming up. This is a second mailing regarding the election. There were technical issues in the first mailing, and we decided to restart fresh.

    There are 9 Directors on the CRW Board and the Past President serves in an ex officio role for one year after his or her term.  Each year, CRW members elect 3 directors for a 3-year term.  A director is allowed to serve no more than two consecutive 3-year terms. 

    Board of Directors meetings are held every two months in odd-numbered months.  One of those meetings is anticipated to be an all-day planning meeting. 

    In this election, there are four open Director seats to be filled.  The three top candidates will serve three-year terms from January 1, 2023 to December 31, 2026. The fourth in line will serve the remaining time of a recently resigned Director.


    This is the process for Election of the Board:

    ·         Any member may submit his / her own name as a candidate for the current Board vacancies, not later than Saturday September 30th.  Each candidate may submit a statement of 250 words or less, including a single photo, to be disseminated to the membership and included in the ballot.

    •     Submit your nomination and statement to and select “Board Candidate  Statement.” We created this form to help manage the election and provide consistent results. However, if you find the form daunting, you can send me the statement/photo directly
    •   The statements and voting procedures will appear in early October. Unless you are applying for the CRW Board, there is no action to take, at the moment, but be prepared to vote.
    •      Election of Directors shall be by electronic ballot transmitted to all members. CRW members in good standing as of August 31st are eligible to vote. Votes of the members shall be confidential. Voting shall be allowed from Monday October 2nd and continue through the following Thursday October 5th.  The Secretary shall verify and publish the results no later than the second Sunday of October.
    •   All eligible CRW members may vote once for up to as many candidates as there are openings on the Board
    •     The names of the newly elected Directors will appear in the November WheelPeople.

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