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WheelPeople: Your Bike Club Newsletter

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WheelPeople Articles

  • 2023-06-20 7:52 AM | Anonymous

    By Nancy Clark

    Many athletes, coaches, referees, and support crews—including parents, partners, and siblings—spend a significant number of mealtimes on the road, traveling from one sports event to the next, be they training sessions, regional games, or national tournaments. With food budgets being tight and encounters with affordable (but often less-healthy) foods being ubiquitous at every gas station and convenience store, the ease of grabbing questionable sports meals and snacks can weaken one’s will to search elsewhere for higher quality sports foods.

    Without a doubt, eating a decent sports diet becomes a challenge when healthful food options are scarce. Regardless, athletes who travel by car deserve to be optimally fueled to be able to perform at their best. That means being creative—and also planning ahead.

    The following tips can help you eat a reasonably well-balanced diet from a gas station or vending machine— or at least, eat better than if you were to have no plan at all. Bigger gas stations and those closer to a main highway or busy towns tend to have more offerings of nutrient-dense foods than the small-town gas station’s shelves stocked with just a few bags of pork rinds and some candy bars. Hence, you (or the team’s driver) want to keep nutrition in mind when planning fuel stops. Getting gas sooner at a bigger station is better than later, if later will be in the middle of nowhere.

    Eating well on the road

     For the purposes of this article, I offer the following definition of  “a well-balanced sports diet”:

    A “well balanced sports diet” includes foods from at least three—ideally four—of these food groupings:

    1. Fruits and vegetables for vitamins and minerals to boost your immune system and help keep your body healthy.

    2. Grain-based foods to fuel your muscles and your brain.

    3. Protein-rich foods to build and repair your muscles.

    4. Calcium-rich foods such as dairy, to enhance bone-health and also offer high-quality protein for muscles.

    Please note that “well balanced” applies to your entire day’s eating, not just one meal or snack. Hence, a good breakfast, lunch and dinner can help offset a sub-optimal snack. “Balance” also includes calorie-balance. By reading the calorie information on food labels, you can determine the portion-size that fits into your calorie budget, so you avoid undesired weight loss or gain. Approximate targets could be at least 600-800 calories per meal for a female athlete and 800-1,000 calories per meal for a male athlete.

    The following list of some typical gas station snacks organizes the foods according to nutrient profile. Using this template, you can manage to pick a somewhat balanced, halfway decent sports diet when you are on the road (or at a vending machine). Remember: at least three of the four kinds of food for meals and two kinds of foods for snacks.

    1. Fruits and


    2. Grain-based foods

    3. Protein-rich


    4. Calcium-rich foods   

       / Dairy **


    Orange juice

    100%-Fruit Juice









    Canned fruit (peaches)



    V-8 juice

    Triscuits, Wheat Thins

    Graham crackers


    Peanut butter crackers

    BelVita Biscuit


    Popcorn/ SmartFood

    Corn chips, Tostitos scoops



    Clif Bars


    Nature Valley Granola Bar


    Muffin (bran, corn)

    Cereal cups (Raisin Bran)



    Mixed nuts

    Trail mix

    Sunflower seeds


    Jerky (beef, turkey)


    KIND bar

    Clif Builder’s Bar

    Canned tuna

    Egg, hard boiled




    Milk, dairy or soy


    Flavored Milk: Chocolate

    Strawberry, Vanilla


    Yogurt, regular Yogurt, Greek


    Cheese sticks

    Cheese sticks

    Pre-sliced Cheese

    (Individually wrapped)




    ** If you are lactose intolerant, sharp cheddar cheese is virtually lactose-free— but you might want to travel with Lactaid™ Pills. Other low-no lactose, calcium-rich foods such as soy milk or calcium-fortified orange juice can be harder to find on the road. Calcium-fortified almond milk might be available—but other than calcium, almond milk is a nutrient-poor choice.

    Turning convenience foods into a balanced sports diet

         When you are at home, a well-balanced diet that includes all four food groups in a meal might look like this:

                Granola + milk + banana + hard boiled eggs

                Whole wheat bread + turkey + cheese + lettuce/tomato and an apple

                Brown rice + chicken + broccoli + yogurt (for dessert)


    When you are eating from the gas station/vending machine, your balanced diet might resemble these tasty (hahaha) meals:

                Orange juice + popcorn + protein bar + yogurt

                Salsa+ corn chips + almonds + milk

                Banana + peanuts + Wheat Thins + cheese sticks.


    Fresh fruits and vegetables can be the hardest foods to find when you are on the road. You are unlikely to suffer from malnutrition if your traveling diet is low in fruits and veggies for a week or so because your body stores vitamins in the liver. A healthy person’s liver stores enough vitamin C to last for at least three weeks. That said, you will want to re-stock your liver's diminished supply when you return home! Make an extra effort to enjoy fruit smoothies, colorful salads, and generous portions of fresh fruits and veggies whenever you get the opportunity to do so.


    Traveling with a cooler

    A wise alternative to “dining” at gas stations is to travel with a cooler (and re-freezable ice packs). Stock the cooler with sandwiches (PB&J, ham & cheese, hummus), water, 100% orange juice, chocolate milk boxes, yogurt, and other wholesome sports foods. A pre-trip food-shopping spree at a BJ’s, Costco, or large supermarket can save a team a lot of money. Portable food suggestions include:

    Perishable items: Oranges, fruit juices, baby carrots, peppers (eat them like apples); yogurt, sliced cheese, milk chugs; ham, hard boiled eggs, hummus; tortillas, wraps, mini bagels.

    Non-perishable items: tuna in pop-top cans, small jar of peanut butter, almonds; granola bars, graham crackers, Fig Newtons, dried fruit, V8 juice.

    Note: your teammates might come begging for food from your personal cooler, so pack extra —or better yet, encourage them to pack their own food!  


    The Bottom Line

    Performance starts with good nutrition. If you make the effort to travel to sports events, you want to make the effort to eat a winning sports diet. No amount of training will over-ride a poorly fueled traveling athlete.



    Nancy Clark, MS, RD CSSD (Board Certified Specialist in Sports Dietetics) counsels active people at her private practice in Newton, MA (617-795-1875). For more information about Nancy Clark’s Sports Nutrition Guidebook and her online workshop, please visit

    -- Nancy Clark, MS RD CSSD Sports nutrition counselor Nancy Clark's Sports Nutrition Guidebook, 6th Edition (Books, presentations, blog) Twitter: @nclarkrd Office: 1155 Walnut St., Newton Highlands, MA 02460 Phone:617-795-1875 "Helping active people win with good nutrition." Secretary, Professionals in Nutrition for Exercise and Sport (PINES)

  • 2023-06-20 7:47 AM | Anonymous

    Kelly is a CRW member and a practicing Dermatologist

    By Kelly O'Connor

    Sun Protection

    There’s nothing like New England biking in the summertime. July and August bring warmth and sunshine, but also a high amount of ultraviolet radiation (UVR)! Ultraviolet (UV) light from the sun induces DNA damage in skin cells that can eventually develop into cancer. The UV index tracks the hourly risk of UVR exposure by accounting for the amount of UVR passing through the ozone layer, forecasted cloud coverage, and altitude. It does not account for UVR that reflects off surfaces such as metal, snow, water, and pavement, which can add a lot of exposure on a road bike.


    The best way to protect sun-exposed skin is to wear sunscreen and there are three major headings you should look at on sunscreen labels. 1. Sun protective factor (SPF). SPF is the amount of UVR required to produce a sunburn on protected skin (with sunscreen) relative to the amount required on unprotected skin. A good rule of thumb is to use at least SPF 30, which protects against 97% of UV radiation and has been shown to decrease the rate of skin cancers. However, a well-designed study demonstrated that the “actual use” of SPF 100 prevented many fewer sunburns than SPF 50,1 so using a higher SPF is likely to be beneficial. 2. Active ingredients. There are two major types: physical and chemical blockers. Physical blockers, such as zinc oxide and titanium dioxide, are metal particles that sit on top of the skin and reflect the sun's rays. Chemical blockers, such as oxybenzone and octisalate, are absorbed by the top layer of the skin and absorb UVR. Physical blockers are broader in UV spectrum coverage, immediately effective, safer for the environment, and better for people with sensitive skin. Many older physical sunscreens left a white cast on the skin, but newer formulations rub on much more clearly. 3. Water resistance. If a sunscreen has been tested for water resistance, it is effective for either 40 or 80 minutes during swimming or sweating. So whether you are climbing up hills on the Mighty Squirrel ride or pulling your group up Nantasket beach, reach for a sunscreen with 80 minutes of water resistance.

    Kind in mind there are many different formulations of sunscreen: lotion, sprays, sticks, balms, powder. While a lotion makes a nice initial coat before your ride, a stick that fits into your back pocket makes reapplication less messy. Try out different ones and figure out which ones work best for you. At the end of the day, the best sunscreen is one that you will actually put on.

    Don't want to douse yourself in sunscreen every time you ride? Try sun protective clothing like long sleeve riding shirts, gloves, skull caps, ear covers, and long socks. You don’t need to spend a fortune on specific SPF 50+ approved clothing- stretch out your clothing and hold it up to the sun. If light does not pass through it (and you don’t squint), then the fabric weave is tight enough to provide protection.

    Adjuncts to Sunscreen

    1. Topical vitamin C and E serums. These have been shown to increase resistance to UVR and decrease the amount of DNA damage to skin cells.2 I recommend applying a vitamin C and E serum in the morning, 10-15 minutes before sunscreen. 2. Oral Polypodium leucotomos. This is extracted from a tropical fern and made into a capsule. Studies have shown that people who took two 240 mg capsules daily had less sunsburns compared to those taking a placebo, 3 and that there were fewer mutations on a molecular level.4 Vitamin D Sunlight converts a precursor of vitamin D in the skin into a more active form, which regulates calcium levels (keeping bones strong). Despite this fact, everyday sunscreen use has not been found to lead to vitamin D deficiency. Moreover, the most efficient way to get vitamin D is through the diet. Fatty fish, fish liver oils, and fortified foods (milk, cereal, mushrooms) are among the best sources. If you are concerned that you are not consuming enough vitamin D in your diet, I recommend taking 2000 IU of vitamin D daily. Ride safe and protect yourself from the sun!

    Kelly O’Connor, MD, FAAD Medical, Surgical, and Cosmetic Dermatologist South Shore Skin Center in Norwell, MA


    1. Williams JD, Maitra P, Atillasoy E, Wu MM, Farberg AS, Rigel DS. SPF 100+ sunscreen is more protective against sunburn than SPF 50+ in actual use: Results of a randomized, double-blind, split-face, natural sunlight exposure clinical trial. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2018 May;78(5):902-910.e2. doi: 10.1016/j.jaad.2017.12.062. Epub 2017 Dec 29. PMID: 29291958.

    2. Murray JC, Burch JA, Streilein RD, Iannacchione MA, Hall RP, Pinnell SR. A topical antioxidant solution containing vitamins C and E stabilized by ferulic acid provides protection for human skin against damage caused by ultraviolet irradiation. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2008 Sep;59(3):418-25. doi: 10.1016/j.jaad.2008.05.004. Epub 2008 Jul 7. PMID: 18603326.

    3. Nestor MS, Berman B, Swenson N. Safety and Efficacy of Oral Polypodium leucotomos Extract in Healthy Adult Subjects. J Clin Aesthet Dermatol. 2015 Feb;8(2):19-23. PMID: 25741399; PMCID: PMC4345929.

    4. Mohammad TF, Kohli I, Nicholson CL, Treyger G, Chaowattanapanit S, Nahhas AF, Braunberger TL, Lim HW, Hamzavi IH. Oral Polypodium Leucotomos Extract and Its Impact on Visible Light-Induced Pigmentation in Human Subjects. J Drugs Dermatol. 2019 Dec 1;18(12):1198-1203. PMID: 31859468.

  • 2023-06-20 7:43 AM | Anonymous

  • 2023-06-20 7:20 AM | Anonymous

    By John Allen

    What if you encounter someone whose bicycle is a crash waiting to happen? 

    So, recently I was riding through an apartment complex on my way to the gym. I was half a block from the new rail trail in Waltham. It isn’t officially open yet, though people are already using it. 

    I encountered a girl about 8 years old, headed home from the rail trail, riding alone. She had a very nice bike for an Internet purchase: in her size, and made for comfortable travel, rather than for acrobatics. The bike had derailleur gears, aluminum rims, and direct-pull hand-lever-operated  brakes. A kid could grow as a cyclist on this bike, with guidance. 

    The girl was having trouble mounting and dismounting. We started a conversation and I coached her on that. I handed her my business card. She could show it to her mother, and maybe I could help her mother teach her? But then I noticed: neither of the brakes was working. The cables were not installed properly.

    The most common kind of serious bicycle crash for young children is to ride out into the street and get hit by a car. It could be due to not noticing an approaching vehicle –  or to brakes that don’t work. 

    I asked the girl for permission, got out my tool kit  and went to work on her brakes.  The cables were in a tangle, it took some time,  but I got the brakes working properly. 

    I asked, “who assembled the bike?”

    “My Mom.”

    “There’s nothing wrong with your Mom, but that is a job for a bicycle mechanic.”

    I showed the girl about not using the front brake too much. 

    We parted. I rode home without going to the gym.

    What lesson does this encounter hold? 

    On paths and in parks especially, you’ll see many people – children and adults – riding bicycles with serious safety issues. It may distress you, as it does me.  

    How to deal with this? 

    Might a Karen, there’s a word for it, have called the police on me as a predator? When I described my encounter to my wife, she reminded me that two adults always had to be present in a Sunday School class in our church, in case of such complaints. Point taken, I hadn’t thought of that, but then we were out in the open with people going by. That assuaged my wife’s concerns.

    I am not going to let myself be consumed with fear about a favor I do anyone in good faith, in plain view of passersby. But I wish now that I had not been in such a hurry to get home. If I had walked home with the girl, I could probably have spoken with her mother face to face, gone on to offer more coaching, become a family friend….

    People’s attitudes about accepting help differ. I have helped a couple times on CRW rides to straighten bent chain links, allowing the riders to complete their day of riding – description  of the technique is in this article.  I have lost count of the number of flat tires I have fixed – other people’s and my own. I have straightened bent derailer hangers, adjusted brakes…I could go on. The tool kit offers a great way to connect with people when used in the right context. 

    Indeed, context matters. My assistance has usually been welcome, or politely declined – “all set” –, when the bicycle was disabled. Offering help to someone who is still able to ride is trickier, and I often avoid it. 

    But this was my first interaction with a child whose bicycle put her in serious danger. It was a learning experience for me. I missed out on making it the best experience for the child, and learned how I might do better next time.

    Beyond that, community events – bicycle rodeos and the like – offer an opportunity to address bicycle maintenance where more people are available to assist, and in a more impersonal context. So, do consider setting one up in your community. 

  • 2023-06-01 9:11 AM | Anonymous

    Eggs: Unscrambling the confusion

     By Nancy Clark

    When it comes to eating eggs, nutrition advice has changed. In 1968, the American Heart Association (AHA) recommended Americans consume no more than three whole egg per week. The  belief was eating cholesterol-rich egg yolks would elevate cholesterol in the blood, which would increase one’s risk of developing cardiovascular disease and having a heart attack or stroke. By 2015, that belief had changed. Today’s 2020-2025 US Dietary Guidelines no longer limit eggs.   (Nutrition is an evolving science. New research led to new understandings about eggs. Though confusing, the “system is working” when new knowledge leads to new recommendations about what’s best to eat to protect good health.)


         Studying the role of eggs in our diet has been done, in part, by surveying thousands of egg-eaters from a cross-section of the general population. This led to the conclusion that eating eggs can increase one’s risk for elevated blood cholesterol and heart disease. But that conclusion applied best to the average American (overfat, underfit) who ate fried eggs + bacon + buttery white toast, i.e., a lot of saturated fat. Today’s heart-healthy dietary guidelines focus on saturated fat as the culprit. Of the 5 grams of fat in an egg, only 1.5 g are saturated. (The recommended daily limit for saturated fat is about 15 grams per 2,000 calories.) Athletes who eat poached eggs + avocado + whole grain toast can more likely enjoy that breakfast worry-free.

         Overall, epidemiological evidence suggests enjoying 6 to 7 eggs/week does not increase heart disease risk. For most healthy athletes, cholesterol in eggs does not convert into artery-clogging cholesterol in the blood. That said, some people are hyper-responders to dietary cholesterol, meaning when they eat cholesterol-rich foods, their blood cholesterol level increases. If you have a family history of heart disease and/or diabetes, a worry-free choice is to enjoy more oatmeal breakfasts, made really yummy by stirring in a spoonful of peanut butter. (Both oatmeal and peanut butter are known to be heart-healthy choices.)

          Heart-health is enhanced by far more than eliminating eggs from your menu. Rather than targeting eggs as a contributor to heart disease, I suggest you take a good look at your overall lifestyle as well as dietary intake. As an athlete, you get regular exercise, but do you get enough sleep? Drink alcohol only in moderation, if at all? Eat an overall well-balanced diet? You might want to focus less on whether or not an omelet for breakfast will ruin your health (doubtful!) and instead make other long-term dietary enhancements. That is, could you add more spinach and arugula to your salads? Munch on more nuts instead of chips? Enjoy more salmon and fewer burgers?  There’s no question that whole grains, nuts, beans, fish, and colorful fruits and veggies promote heart-health.


    Egg truths

    • Eggs are nutrient dense. They contain all the nutrients needed to sustain life. The 150 calories in two eggs offers far more vitamins, minerals, protein, and other nutrients than you’d get from 150 calories of other breakfast foods (i.e., English muffin, energy bar, banana).

    • Brown eggs are nutritionally similar to white eggs. The breed of hen determines the color of the eggs.  

    • Yolks contain nutrients that athletes can easily miss out on, including vitamin D, riboflavin, folate, and for vegans, B-12.

    • One large egg has about 6 to 7 grams of high-quality protein that contains all the essential amino acids (such as BCAAs) that are needed to build muscles. Half of an egg’s protein is in the yolk (along with most of the vitamins, minerals, fat, and flavor). The white is primarily protein and water.
    • Egg yolks contain the (once feared) cholesterol. One egg yolk has about 185 to 200 milligrams of dietary cholesterol. That’s more than half of the 300-milligram limit previously recommended by the American Heart Association (and has been dropped).  

    • Eggs are a rich in a well-absorbed source of lutein and zeaxanthin, two types of antioxidants that reduce risk of cataracts and age-related macular degeneration.

    • For dieters, eggs are pre-portioned, which can be helpful. Eggs are also satiating. Research suggests people who eat eggs for breakfast tend to eat fewer calories later in the day.

    • What about  omega-3 eggs? Are they all they are cracked up to be? Yes and no. Omega-3 fats are thought to be protective against heart disease. Egg yolks from hens fed flaxseed, algae, and fish oils have a higher omega-3 fat content, increasing it from about 50 mg omega-3s in an ordinary egg to 125 mg in an Eggland’s Best egg. This small amount is tiny compared to the 3,000 mg. omega-3s in a standard portion of Atlantic salmon ( 4-5-oz.).

         Omega-3 eggs are more expensive than standard eggs: $6 vs $4/dozen.  You’ll get a lot more omega-3s by consuming  more salmon. That said, for non-fish eaters, any omega-3 fats are better than no omega-3s.


    Stay tuned

         Someday, we will have a 100%-clear answer to which foods contribute to high levels of blood cholesterol and if that even impacts heart disease risk. That will put an end to the egg-cholesterol-heart health confusion. In addition, we’ll likely be able to benefit from genetic testing that offers personalized nutrition advice. Targeted research that looks at the genes of specific populations, will enable us to know, for example, which athletes can routinely enjoy three-egg omelets (with or without buttered toast) day after day without any fear of impairing their heart-health.

         Until then, if your family is predisposed to heart disease, you certainly want to talk with your doctor and ask about not just eggs but also the possibility of getting tested for biomarkers for heart disease, such as Coronary Artery Calcium score, C-Reactive Protein, and a type of blood lipid called Lp(a). You could also get personalized guidance about a heart-healthy diet from a registered dietitian who specializes in cardiovascular disease. The referral list at can help you find that expert!


    Nancy Clark MS RD CSSD  counsels both fitness exercisers and competitive athletes in the Boston-area (Newton; 617-795-1875). Her best-selling Sports Nutrition Guidebook is a popular resource, as is her online workshop. Visit for info.


  • 2023-05-29 3:23 PM | Anonymous

    By Edward Cheng

    Salutations, fellow CRW Members.  The good weather is here and CRW kicked off the 2023 riding season with a spectacular North to New Hampshire Century on May 13, 2023.  The weather was perfect and we had over 300 registrants ride the fully supported century -- the first N2NH fully supported century since pre-COVID.  Thanks to the century committee and the volunteers who ran the rest stops, without whom the event could not have happened.  I have to admit when I first heard from the century committee that they wanted to run three centuries this year just like pre-COVID times, I was a little skeptical, but so far so good!

    Help keep the momentum going by signing up and riding our weekend rides, followed by the challenging Climb to the Clouds Century on June 10.  John O'Dowd, our VP of Rides is working hard to cajole our Ride Leaders to post rides, so let's make it worth their while by making our weekend rides a success.

    Last, if you don't see me on the roads until September, the reason is that I ruptured my left Achilles tendon the day after the N2NH.  So while I can cheer you on from the sidelines, I won't be joining you on the roads for a few months.

    Let's make this first COVID free season a great one for the ages.

  • 2023-05-25 9:08 AM | Anonymous

    By Coach John Hughes

    RBR Reader Rob T. asks, “I was recently knocked off my bike by a driver going 55mph on a county road in Illinois that had no shoulder. Fortunately, no major damage to me or my bike or my two artificial hips, but I did fracture my greater trochanter bone in my left hip. I’ll be on crutches for the next two months and am allowed to put only 20-30 pounds of pressure on my left leg. I am concerned that I am going to lose all the conditioning I built up over the winter and early spring. I am wondering if you have any suggestions, or do I just suck it up and start at square one come mid-June? FWIW, I am 68 years old.”

    Coach Hughes: Rob, I’m very sorry to hear about your accident — I’m glad you’re mostly okay!  You have two artificial hips. Each you got one time you were less active than usual … and you came back. 

    I had hammer toe surgery in 2021, which consisted of straightening three toes and putting in pins to strengthen them. The surgeon insisted I mostly stay in bed for six weeks.  She was concerned that any sort of activity might cause the pins to migrate out.  I wrote this column about my experience:

    Anti-Aging: Regaining Fitness at Age 71 - Road Bike Rider Cycling Site

    Residual fitness Your riding history is the biggest factor in how slowly you lose fitness and how rapidly you can recover the lost fitness. Specifically:

    1. Number of years you’ve been riding and engaging in other aerobic activities.
    2. How many miles you’ve been riding the past several years.
    3. Your typical long rides the past several years.

    These relates to my concept of athletic maturity. This column explains how you can assess your athletic maturity and the following column explains how to improve your athletic maturity.

    Six Success Factors

    Success in athletics involves six factors, not just training. As we age we get a little slower. We can still ride very well – sometimes better than younger cyclists – if we pay attention to all six of the success factors. While you’re riding less use the opportunity to take a holistic look at how the success factors apply to your cycling.

    1. Planning—self-assessment, goal setting and planning the season.

    In The Cyclist’s Training Bible, Joe Friel wrote, “An athlete should do the least amount of properly timed, specific training that brings continual improvement.” In other words, just riding more miles doesn’t make you a better cyclist. Riding the right kinds of miles at the right times of the year is what counts. Use this time when you’re exercising less to think about your goals and priorities and then develop a plan to reach them. Create your plan so it starts today and addresses the all of the following success factors. The plan doesn’t have to be detailed – a very general plan is sufficient.

    I wrote several columns about how to plan:

    To aid your planning I suggest you get my 106-page eBook Anti-Aging: 12 Ways You Can Slow the Aging Process. It has chapter a moderate exercise to increase your aerobic and cardiovascular fitness and a chapter on high intensity exercise to achieve the same benefits. It has illustrated chapters on each of the other types of fitness recommended by the American College of Sports Medicine: strength, flexibility, balance and weight-bearing workouts.

    2. Training—aerobic, strength and flexibility conditioning.

    Cardiorespiratory fitness is lost a little more slowly than power and speed. Within about four to eight weeks of no training your body’s capacity to move blood to your muscles decreases. This happens in part because your blood volume decreases. The size of your heart muscle decreases and because it isn’t as strong it can’t pump as much blood per stroke. Because your heart can’t pump as much blood at submaximal intensities your heart rate is higher for a given workload.  Here are some ways you can get cardio:

    • Walking on crutches: After my hammer toe surgery I did laps on crutches up and down the hall of our condo complex. Why not outside? In the hallway I was never more than five minutes from the condo! Instead of doing one long walk, for example 30 minutes, you’ll get fitter if you do several shorter walks spaced throughout the day, for example three 15-minute walks.
    • Running in the water: If you have access to a pool and the doctor says it’s okay you can walk or run in the water in the deep end, which uses your leg muscles a little more like riding.
    • Swimming: Although it’s not similar to riding, swimming is also great cardio. Check with the doctor about whether kicking is okay. If kicking isn’t okay then start with a pull buoy and paddles so you’re just using your upper body.

    When you can start riding I suggest you also swim because it’s more cardio without stressing your legs, especially your hip.

    You can also work on three other important aspects of fitness:

    3. Nutrition—nourishment daily nutrition and fuel during the ride and for recovery.

    The quality of your nutrition has a great effect on your daily life and your longevity as well as on your riding. This is an opportunity to review your nutrition and make appropriate changes. I’ve written two related columns:

    This 31-page eBook applies to every roadie from age 50 to 70 and beyond:

    While you’re not riding it’s easy to put on some pounds.  Although written about the holidays, this column applies to you:

    4. Equipment—bike selection and fit, clothing, accessories and bike maintenance.

    While you’re off the bike review all your equipment. Get your bike tuned up. Bike fit is dynamic. As you change your goals, or get a different bike, or get fitter, or lose flexibility, your correct bike fit changes. If you haven’t had a bike fit recently now’s the time to get one. You can get a bike fit sitting on your bike and gently spinning — check with your doctor it’s okay. Here’s my column on:

    5. Mental skills—focusing and relaxation techniques and dealing with potential hard times during a ride.

    Here’s where you and other older riders can develop a significant advantage over younger physiologically stronger riders! I wrote these columns:

    Here’s a specific example of how my friend Eli used mental skills:

    You learn mental skills just like you learn riding, through repeated practice of skills.  I wrote this eBook as a guide to learning mental skills. The 17-page eBook has six progressive chapters, each with a specific skill to learn.

    6. Technique – safety, riding efficiently, group riding and pacing during events.

    There’s good news here. Once a skill is learned, it is never forgotten, especially if it is well learned. Even though it was the driver’s fault you were hit, review what happened and what you might have done differently. Here are two column including many contributions from RBR readers:

    Anti-Aging: Riding Smarter as You Age part 2 - Road Bike Rider Cycling Site

    Related columns:

    My eBook Anti-Aging: 12 Ways You Can Slow the Aging Process has illustrated chapters on each of the types of fitness recommended by the American College of Sports Medicine: aerobic, high intensity, strength, flexibility, balance and weight-bearing workouts. Anti-Aging   incorporates the latest research and most of it is new material not published in my previous eArticles on cycling past 50, 60 and beyond. It’s your comprehensive guide to continuing to ride well into your 80s and even your 90s.

    The 106-page Anti-Aging: 12 Ways You Can Slow the Aging Process is $14.99.

  • 2023-05-23 2:06 PM | Anonymous

    There's nothing better than getting out for a ride, but on a rest day a video can almost take us there. Enjoy our monthly virtual film fest. Click Title to watch video.

    Hiawatha Trail

    An interesting rail trail along the northern Idaho and Montana border, the 15 mile scenic Hiawatha trail has a number of high trestle bridges and a long tunnel. 3 mins.

    Incredible Bike Tricks

    German artistic cyclist Viola enjoys the scenic Austrian countryside while showcasing impressive skills. 

    3 mins

    Alex Post is a CRW member who lives in Virginia, but regularly visits MA to bike with his dad. He has also led rides for CRW.

  • 2023-05-22 11:44 AM | Anonymous

    By Eli Post

    Mark Nardone and Erik Dentremont contributed to this article.

    CRW’s 2023 North to New Hampshire Century may be in the history books, but it lives on as a memorable day for those who rode in the event. This was the Club’s first fully supported Spring Century since COVID and was heralded by one of the best weather days we could have hoped for in a New England May!

    The routes on North to New Hampshire are a long-time CRW favorite for a century event. They begin at the Wakefield High School heading north to NH and back, and winding though some of NH's more scenic roads. And it’s relatively flat so ideal for an early spring century when many riders are just returning to the road. Each ride provided refreshing drinks at rest stops along the route, with food and refreshments at the finish. CRW riders enjoyed a post ride party hosted by Hearth Pizzeria with many options for all dietary needs.

    The route has earned loyal fans over the years that enjoy the lovely stretches of country roads on the North Shore and in southern New Hampshire. Here are some of the comments:

    “Rode the CRW spring (half) century ride with buddies Ed Edward Cheng, Doug Douglas Bajgot, Eric Wilkins, and a few new friends. Here we are at the half way point rest stop. Great half century today! Thanks for joining us, Ed!” John O’Dowd

    “Thanks to the organizers, volunteers and ride leaders.  It was a lot of fun!” Ed Chang

    Rode with the 15mph group. The group pulled me along the whole way! First event ride of the season! Marianne Eybye

    Felt great!! Aside from my lower back tightening up I feel like I should have done the metric. Hermin Miranda

    CRW - N to NH, It was Felix's first big ride, and he did great! Vern Spinner

    As always, the success of the event was due to our wonderful, dedicated volunteers. Time and time again, our volunteers selflessly donate their passion for cycling by supporting our membership, and making the event possible. The only ones who are fully aware how much effort it takes to run a century are the ones who actually put it together. And it’s a catch 22, the smoother it goes, the less people realize how difficult it is. So we have no other recourse but to congratulate ourselves for a job well done.

    The Stats:

    262 riders set off to complete the 50, 63, and 100 mile routes. 

    There were 4 unable to complete due to mechanical issues. 

    Multiple led groups rolled out between 7 and 9am. 

    Last rider completed her 100 miles just after 4pm. 

    The riders appreciated the 25 mile rest stop and dug in to the many refreshments available. There was special interest in smothering a bagel with peanut butter, jam and/or Nutella. All left over food was donated to the Red Cross and other charitable organizations in our area.

    This year we did something a little different to make the Century rides more memorable. We created a 3 medal series to go with each event, by themselves the medals are great, together they connect to something special. Collect all three and proudly display your achievement for the 2023 Century Series.

    Did you miss the event? You can still register for a virtual option and complete the course or a similar distance within the month to earn your medal.

    The riders found innovative ways to wear/display their awards.

    The Spring Century has about 4,100 feet of climb, making it a relatively easy ride. If you need more of a challenge try the Climb to the Clouds century in July 2023.

    As we said, the volunteers made this event possible, and we thank them all.

    Volunteers May 13th
    ROLES Pick up Supplies Name
    Coordinators Event Day CONTACT Mark Nardone
    coordinator Erik Dentremont
    Ride Leader John O'dowd
    prez Ed Cheng
    Porta Johns

    The Shed Portable Santitation

    SudBury distribution Saturday Friday Joel Bauman
    62 Goodman's Hill Road
    Sudbury MA 01776

    Erik Dentremont
    10 AM - 4PM Rest Stop Org Nina Siegel
    Sudbury returns Monday 10 - 2 Joel Bauman

    Check-In / Registration Wakefield Tech HS

    Mel Prenovitz
    60 Farm Street Wakefield MA Francie Sparks
    7AM- 9:30AM Stanley Kay
    Richard Vignoni
    Mechanical Support
    Wakefield HS Trek Cambridge

    Robbe Smith | Store Manager

    Wakefield HS Velo Bikes Gunther
    Food & Supplies Costco Harriet Fell
    Fruit John Allen
    Bagels Barry Nelson
    Linda Nelson
    Rest Stops
    Shanahan Park
    423 Main Street Groveland MA Eil Post
    8AM-Noon Pick up Harriet Fell
    Lynne O'Riorden
    Ken Weber
    Pick up Bill Aldrich
    American Legion Park
    20 Pentucket Ave Georgetown MA Pick up Marie Keutmann
    9:30 AM - 2PM Pick up Penny Leslie
    Keeley Gammon
    Pick up person Tim Wilson
    Rosalie Blum
    Kate Strauchan
    Jim Evans
    Sawyer Park Kennsington NH Pick up Barbara Jacobs
    24 Trundlebed Lane Pick up Ted Nyder
    9:30 AM - 2PM Pick up person Nina Siegel
    Pick up Maureen Feibiger
    After rider party Pizza Harriet Fell
    11:30 - 5:30 Pizza Jack Donahue
    Pizza Ken Weber
    Awards Mark Nardone
    Pizza Megan Scully
    Monday Clean up Clean Up and Return Erik D'Entremont
    Hearth Pizzeria - Delivery 200 Pizzas, 20 Salads Ivan Pucelio
    Ride Leaders 100 Martin Hayes
    100 jennifer Allen
    100 Lindy King
    100 Megan Scully
    Mike Barry
    50 Clyde Kessel
    50 John Odowd
    62 Larry K
    62 Karen Hamel
    Sag Wagon Mark Nardone
    James White
    Sweeps Susan Grieb
    Jack Donahue
    Registration Lists Erik D'Entremont
    car signs Parking Lisa Najavitis

  • 2023-05-21 6:28 PM | Anonymous

    By Dr. Gabe Mirkin

    Just about everyone with an unobstructed nose will breathe through their nose when at rest or during casual activities, but most people will breathe through their mouth during exercise. The more intensely you exercise, the more likely that you will have to breathe through your mouth because you may not be able to get enough air through your nose to feel comfortable (Respiration Physiology, 1983;53(1):129–133).

    Possible Advantages of Breathing Through Your Nose
    Why would you even consider trying to control whether you breathe through your mouth or your nose? Compared to mouth breathing, nasal breathing:
    • helps to filter out pollutants
    • helps to filter germs
    • adds moisture to the air you breathe
    • heats the air you breathe
    • may reduce asthma attacks in people who suffer from exercise-induced asthma.

    Nasal Breathing Takes Practice
    You can breathe far more air into your lungs through your mouth than you can breathe through your nose. You can exercise intensely when you breathe just through your nose, but you will need to practice (PNAS, May 19, 2015;112(20):6425-6430).
    • How intensely you can exercise depends on how fast oxygen can pass from red blood cells into muscle cells.
    • The cells lining your nose and sinuses release large amounts of a gas called nitric oxide while the cells lining your mouth and throat do not (Nat Med, 1995;1:370–373).
    • Breathing through your nose releases far larger amounts of nitric oxide, which specifically widens the very small blood vessels next to muscles to bring the red blood cells closer to muscle cells, to increase markedly the rate that oxygen passes from red blood cells to muscle cells.

    One study showed that with training, you can get enough air while breathing through your nose to exercise at up to 85 percent of your maximum capacity (Int J of Kinesiology and Sports Sci, Apr 30, 2018;6(2):22). Ten recreational runners practiced nasal breathing during exercise for six months and when they breathed through their noses while exercising at up to 85 percent of their maximal capacity, they had the same:
    • time to exhaustion,
    • maximal capacity to take in and use oxygen (VO2max), and
    • peak lactate levels. (Lactate levels increase when you don’t get enough oxygen).
    Nasal breathing brought in the same maximal amount of oxygen as mouth breathing, but nasal breathing markedly reduced:
    • respiratory rate (breaths per minute), and
    • ratio of oxygen intake to carbon dioxide output.

    Nasal Breathing May Help with Exercise-Induced Asthma
    People who have exercise-induced asthma may benefit from nasal breathing when they exercise. Within minutes after starting to exercise, they often suffer wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath, a tight chest, decreased endurance, or a sore throat. These symptoms are usually caused by breathing dry and cold air (Allergy, 2013;68:1343–1352). Practicing nasal breathing for several months can help to decrease asthma attacks (Clinical Allergy, 1981;11(5):433-9). However, nasal breathing has been shown to hinder performance of elite athletes who suffer from exercise-induced asthma (British J of Sprts Med, 2012;46:413-416).

    My Recommendations
    • Most people can learn to breathe comfortably through their noses during intense exercise if they want to (International J of Ex Sci, 2017;10(4):506-514), but nasal breathing is not recommended for competitive athletes since it is likely to reduce their maximum exercise intensity (Australian J of Sci and Med, 1995;(273):512-55).

    • You don’t need to breathe through your nose when you exercise in very cold weather. Your nose warms the air much more than your mouth does, but exercise causes your body to produce such large amounts of heat that air taken through your mouth at 40 degrees below zero Fahrenheit during exercise will be warmed almost 100 degrees before it reaches your lungs. Breathing air that cold would burn your nose so much that you would quickly lose interest in exercising and seek shelter.

    • Your nose clears pollutants far more efficiently than your mouth does, but people with healthy lungs can exercise safely using mouth-breathing on mildly polluted days. Your air tubes are lined with small hairs, called cilia, that sweep pollutants towards your mouth where you swallow them with your saliva and they pass from your body. However, breathing heavily polluted air when you exercise can damage your lungs, whether you use your mouth or your nose. Air quality experts tell us that if you can see ash or smell smoke, stay indoors with windows and doors closed.

    • If you want to try nasal breathing, you may find that commercially-available nasal strips that fit over the bridge of your nose make it easier and more comfortable.

    • The bottom line is that you can breathe through either your mouth or your nose during exercise. Do whatever feels most natural for you.

    Dr. Gabe Mirkin on Health | Fitness and Nutrition. (

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