November 2019 WheelPeople

Articles
 

Message from the CRW President

Larry Kernan

The election results are in.  We have one returning Board member and two new Directors.  Mary Kernan (my wife and VP of Rides) is returning for a second term.  Amy Wilson, the CRW treasurer, and John O’Dowd, a CRW Ride Leader and member of the Rides Committee, have been elected to 3 year terms ending December 2022.  Congratulations to all three.  I know they are very committed to our club and I look forward to working with them.

I also want to thank our retiring Board members, John Allen and Linda Nelson.  John will continue as our Safety Coordinator and you will see his articles in WheelPeople.  Linda Nelson is organizing this year’s Holiday Party and she has volunteered to take on additional CRW tasks, as well.

The Cranberry Harvest Century is now in our rear view mirror.  We had a gorgeous day with better weather than predicted by our local meteorologists.  Nearly 700 riders hit the roads enjoying the great routes, the rest stops, the views on the wharf in Mattapoisett, and the music and pizza at the end of the ride.  The many compliments and thanks from all of our riders were music to our ears.  We could not have put on this event without the enormous support of nearly 50 volunteers.  A big shout-out to Randall Nelson-Peterman, André Wolff and Steve Carlson who were the Century organizers who pulled this all together.

I hope that you didn’t miss out on this great event.  The Cranberry Harvest Century hit capacity three weeks before the ride.  This is becoming a trend, so be forewarned for future centuries.

As we move into November, we need to get used to the shorter days and cooler temperatures.  Make sure that you are well lit and layered up.  The bike season is not yet over.  Many CRW members never hang up their bikes.  Check out the CRW Rides Calendar to stay abreast of the club’s winter rides.  In particular, check out the Hanson Sunday Ride, led by Mike Togo.  This ride takes in flat, gorgeous roads that you probably haven’t ridden on before.

Stay tuned for lots of winter activites!

See you at the holiday party on December 7thSign up here

 

 

CRW Holiday Party

Linda Nelson

Sign Up for our Annual CRW Holiday Party

Join your CRW friends at our gala event that will be held on December 7th from 6 to 10PM at the Parish Center of St. Michael Church (next to the church), 90 Concord Road, Bedford, MA, where you will enjoy great food, catered by Via Lago Restaurant with beer, wine, and soft drinks, along with the company of your biking friends.

Our party is open to Charles River Wheeler members and their guests only, with limited attendance. $35 pp

We will close out seating Sunday, November 30. Last year our event was a sell out, so please sign up now by clicking Here!

 

 

 

Cranberry Harvest Century, October 6, 2019

Eli Post

Organizations often judge their success by whether they achieve a particular mission.  In many cases it’s profitability or how much is raised for a cause or whether there is a medical or technological advance.  For a bike club running a century ride, the mission is more personal.  Quite simply, did the riders have a rewarding experience.  On that note, CRW’s Cranberry Harvest Century was a huge success!  We sold out with 800 registrants weeks before the event with many faithful returning century riders and many first-timers.  But more importantly, when we chatted with a host of the  riders at the finish we heard nothing but rave reviews!  This is very satisfying news to us, as we heard the same last year, and this year we made several enhancements.  Riders loved the scenic route and appreciated the high level of volunteer service from the well-stocked rest stops, as well as the road markings which facilitated navigation.

This route was relatively flat and accommodated a wide rage of riders. We were particularly taken by the words of an 82 year old rider:

“It was my first Cranberry Harvest Ride and I have never done an easier 52 mile ride. Lack of hills, beautiful pavement for the most part, sunny day, reasonable temperatures, and a tailwind on the return! Also, lack of traffic.  I may well do it again next year, but 52 was enough for me. “

A century ride is a milestone, even badge of honor, among cyclists, and we are pleased that we helped many achieve this goal. We had other rider comments:

“Great day today. Lots of cranberries! Thanks to all the volunteers.”

“Thank you to everyone who made this ride great!!”

“A big thank you to the organizing committee and all of the volunteers for yesterday's Cranberry Century who made it such a great event.  Beautiful day, great sights to behold, and a fun event all around. Thank you.”

“The Nutella & PB and fluff & pb were an awesome addition to the already perfect harvest century! Big thanks to the volunteers....this needs to be a new staple.”

“The group I had for the metric all loved having a group of new friends to ride with.  We hung together for the whole ride.  We were 5 coming back together looking forward to riding together again.  Thanks for the opportunity. “

When an event goes off well, there is a tendency to think it was easy to put together, but that is far from the case. We had countless meetings, negotiations with various towns, and most important the assistance of over 50 volunteers who made the event possible.

 

 

 

 

 

We want to thank all our volunteers and all our riders, for without either, we would not be able to bring these events to fruition.  We hope this event helped to cap a successful riding season!

The Century Planning Committee is taking a “short break” but keep your eyes wide open for the announcement of our Spring Century to be held in May.   Hmmmm…..wonder what route will be selected??

 

 

 

 

Winter Riding Workshop

Eli Post

You don’t have to hang up your bike at the first chill in the air. Winter riding is more challenging, but can also be more rewarding. Ride Headquarters has many years of winter riding experience. They enjoy winter riding, and know how to be comfortable riding in all temperatures and conditions. Join us for a presentation that discusses the many ways to enjoy winter riding, including some that are not widely known. Ride Headquarters will share pro tips on being safe, riding confidently, and what to do to look forward to the colder, snowier days on your bike! Topics addressed during the talk are listed below.

  • Why ride outside in the winter
  • Best bike setup
  • Accessories for the bike and rider
  • Bike Maintenance
  • Bike fit - special considerations for the winter
  • Apparel - what to wear and how to keep it as simple as riding in the summer
  • Hydration & fueling your ride
  • Electronics and battery management
  • Night Riding - there isn't as much sun in the winter, be ready
  • Riding techniques
  • Reading the roads and trails - where to ride in the winter
  • Examples of Fun Winter Rides

The talk includes many examples and photos of New England in the winter featuring some of the most fun cycling to be had during the whole year. Come out to see why winter is a season to anxiously anticipate rather than dread! Bring your questions on specific winter riding interests and concerns, and get set to expand your riding horizons. Kindly RSVP so we know how much food to order.

Date: Wednesday November 13, 2019

Time: 6 to 7 PM Social hour with refreshments, 7 - 8:30 Presentation and questions

Where: Ride headquarters, 11 South Main Street, Sherborn 413-461-7433

 

 

 

Keep On Riding

Eli Post

Numerous cyclists ride outside year-round in New England. No doubt you know people who commute and ride for fun on the coldest, snowiest days of the year. Short, winter days can easily be enjoyed on two wheels and offer a healthy outlet to keep you feeling great. Winter riding can be a great form of exercise and a challenging experience. Winter riders have learned that safe riding in cold weather means special attention to clothing and other matters, which will be addressed in a lecture described elsewhere in this issue. Dressing properly is essential to comfort and safety, and handling a bike on slippery surfaces requires additional skills. After the challenges are met however, winter cycling can become more routine, and a wonderful way to enjoy the cold weather.

The Club’s Winter Ride Program starts in  December. The Hanson Sunday Ride, and regularly scheduled Sunday Rides continue through the winter, even in severe weather conditions, and Saturday Winter Rides will be held on an impromptu basis whenever weather conditions are on the moderate side. The Winter Saturday Rides will be posted on the CRW Website a few days in advance as weekend weather forecasts become more dependable, and suggest a safe and pleasant experience. Between December and March make a point of checking www.crw.org toward the latter part of every week for winter cycling opportunities.

 

 

Rail-Trail safety

John Allen

The Boston area has an increasing number of rail trails. The Minuteman Commuter Bikeway from Cambridge to Bedford has been open for over 25 years now.  A ribbon-cutting for a section of the Mass Central Rail Trail in Weston and Wayland was held days before this article was published. When completed, the Mass Central will run all the way from Charlestown to Northampton, over 100 miles, and will connect in Sudbury with the Bruce Freeman Trail, which already extends from Concord to Lowell. There are others too.

Rail trails provide a quiet and scenic experience and are especially attractive in the leaf-peeping season which is upon us. Because motor vehicles do not use rail trails, riding on them can be relaxing. But this does not mean that they are appropriate for all types of cycling and cycling events. CRW avoids trails for its weekend rides, and for good reason. Some of our more relaxed rides do use rail trails, and many CRW members use them for recreation or utility riding.

So, what is the issue? To put it simply, riding is unsafe on a crowded rail trail at a speed at which a fit cyclist can get a meaningful exercise benefit. Trails are shared with walkers - some with dogs on leashes; runners; wobbly novice and child cyclists; and inline skaters whose legs flail out to the sides.  Robust research studies have shown that the crash rate on trails for bicycle-club member cyclists is over 2.5 times high as on streets. Though the ratio of fatalities to other crashes is lower than on roads shared with motor traffic, there was a fatal crash on the Minuteman this past spring, when one cyclist pulled out to pass and struck another head-on. This was not the first fatality on the Minuteman, either.

How to be safe on a mixed-use trail? Safe speed has to come first. If the trail is empty, you could ride as fast as you would on a street – but if there is even one pedestrian ahead of you, you may need to slow to pass safely. Your bicycle is nearly silent, and the pedestrian, back turned to you, may be listening with headphones. A pedestrian can suddenly change direction, as in “oh, that’s a pretty flower over at the other side of the path,” or “here’s my house, now I can go in and have lunch.” One pedestrian can be concealing another, often a child, who may make an unexpected move.

Unless you can pass with several feet of clearance, safety requires you to slow and get the pedestrian’s attention with a bell or your voice before you pass. Also, pass at a speed low enough that a collision is unlikely to be serious. You can hope that the pedestrian acknowledges your warning. And yes, there have been times when I had to yell at the top of my voice, interrupting a pedestrian’s headphone-enabled reverie. It may seem rude, but it is better than interrupting the reverie by landing on the ground in a heap with said pedestrian. The same applies with slower cyclists.

Unlike on streets, pedestrians on rail trails are supposed to walk in the same direction as traffic. This allows everyone to keep moving even if there is a crowd. (Rhode Island has the only exception.) Cyclists have the same role with slower traffic on a trail that motorists have with cyclists on roads. Think about that for a moment. You are the fastest kind of traffic on the trail, and you can threaten and endanger slower users, just the same way you complain about motorists doing it to you. Just as a motorist may have to slow to your bicycle speed and wait for a safe opportunity to pass, you may have to slow to walking speed and follow a pedestrian on a rail trail until a safe opportunity arises. Stability at slow speeds is an important skill to develop for path riding.

And here, to finish up,  are a couple of timely issues to keep in mind:

As e-bikes become more popular, expect more users on paths who lack skill, though they go fast . I’m not sure how this issue will resolve politically, but just be aware and be cautious. You may do well to have a rear-view mirror.

And, as the end of daylight-saving time approaches, you may find yourself more often riding during hours of darkness. It is hardly necessary to remind any CRW member to use lights at night, but choice of lights is especially important when riding on trails. Many bicycle headlights have a round, flashlight beam pattern and can’t be aligned to cast a long beam ahead without also blinding oncoming cyclists. Headlights with a flat-top beam pattern are available, and I recommend them highly. There is a detailed discussion of options at https://sheldonbrown.com/LED-headlights.html.

 

 

Featured Ride

CRW Communications Committee

Bagels and a Witch - November 2 at 10am

Flat to rolling loops through the North Shore. All rides pass through Boxford, Topsfield and Rowley. Medium ride adds Newbury and Newburyport. Long ride adds Plum Island including the paved bike lane on the Plum Island Causeway. Short ride lunch stop is in Topsfield. Long and medium ride lunch stop is in Newburyport at Abraham's Bagels. Abraham's is in the same block where a 17th century woman named Elizabeth Morse lived. She was convicted of witchcraft a dozen years before the Salem witch trials. Visit the plaque dedicated to her on the north side of the building.

An optional stop is at Tendercrop Farm on the long and medium rides. Feel free to visit the farm store for coffee and fresh local products!

Link: https://www.crw.org/content/bagels-and-witch-12

Ride Leader: Melinda Lyon

Four Quick Questions

Q: How long has the ride been in existence?

A: 20+ years.

Q: What was the inspiration for this ride’s route?

A: This is a favorite ride of mine near where I live.

Q: What is the most challenging segment of this ride?

A: Probably the wind along the coast, especially on the segment out to Plum Island on the long ride.

Q: What is the thing riders should look forward to the most on this ride?

A: Peak foliage and beautiful Great Salt Marsh vistas!

 

 

 

The Mighty Squirrel – Year Round Ride

Daniel Gomez

It’s been a terrific riding year and it will be sad to miss several riders in the next few weeks and months. While some will store their bikes, I plan on continuing riding both indoor and outside. As long as there’s no ice, I can adapt and keep training both on and off the saddle.

Earlier this summer CRW posted The Mighty Squirrel Ride.  Nice metric century with about 3600ft of climbing to Harvard and back to Waltham, with an optional scenic loop to the Fruitland Museum. It has been a pleasant surprise to see a nice mix of riders and we truly hope to build up the same camaraderie so many other CRW rides have.

Being a CRW member for the last two years, I realized the great offering the club has for a good portion of our members. At the same time, I felt that those like me: 10-year-old kid, full-time job, house chores, and a monthly mortgage to pay didn’t have so many CRW led opportunities to ride. I felt the I needed a hard, hilly ride every month throughout the year. That’s how The Mighty Squirrel Ride came to place.

So, if you are up for the challenge, we’d like to have your company and would be glad to ride with you the third Sunday of every month (November 17th, December 15th, January 19th, February 16th, March 15th,  etc. It’s an amazing route with plenty of short and longer climbs, rolling hills and nice flats. We can also gather upon returning to The Mighty Squirrel for a cold one or can trade it for a hot tea mug so we can talk more bikes.

Hopefully we can cater to the experienced rider that seeks for a hard ride at a 20mph pace. If you are just testing the waters and want an intermediate pace, we also offer the 16-18 mph group. We have received emails about offering other pace groups; it’s a great idea and we want to welcome more members to join us. We just need a ride leader to join us and guide that group.

Some have asked why 7:30AM? Well, we have kids at home, or chores, or simply want to be back by 1PM on time for a game, feeling good about having logged 65 miles, and still have the rest of the day available.

Whatever your motivation might be, you’ll be welcomed to this new, recurrent ride. We hit the tarmac, every third Sunday of the month. Do not forget to check the ride calendar at crw.org the night before, any cancelations will be posted by 8PM the previous Saturday.

Looking forward to riding with you one of these Sundays.

Ride Safe!

 

 

Looking Back at WheelPeople

CRW Communications Committee

A Look Back

10 Years Ago - November 2009

The November 2009 issue of WheelPeople saw a number of Fall Century related articles, including a recap of the ride (fun fact: this was the event that saw the introduction of Gatorade at rest stops), and a discussion about group riding and pacelining in a group after a spontaneous paceline resulted in an ambulance ride for a few riders. The advice in this article still rings true: “Early on, you were told not to take candy from strangers, and later maybe not to sleep with strangers, and now we are warning you to be cautious when you draft or paceline with strangers.” Another feature included a spotlight on Andy Brand as the Ride Leader of the Month, and the South Shore Coastal Loop, which is still a CRW ride today.

25 Years Old - November 1994

An argument for all-digital: in 1994, annual dues were $30 and operating expenses per member ranged between $11 and $11.50. “The largest portion of this, of course, is the newsletter. We spend over $9,600 per year to print and mail WheelPeople.” (According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, this is approximately $16,500 in 2019 dollars.) In other parts of the newsletter, candidates for the CRW board published statements for their candidacy,  and the rides calendar included An Artsy Ride that toured Waltham, Weston, Lincoln, and Concord, and ended at the start of Waltham Open Studios and its 50+ artists’ studios.

50 Years Old - November 1969

The fall century ride was scheduled for Sunday, November 9 in 1969, with a rain date of Tuesday, November 11 (which was observed on November 11 prior to the passage of the <a href=“https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uniform_Monday_Holiday_Act”>Uniform Monday Holiday Act</a> in 1971). There was also a report from the 1969 Double Century, which began on the evening of Friday, September 26. Seven riders, including Jim and Bill Thomas (aged 16 and 17, respectively) departed at midnight, and five finishers completed it in 17.5 hours. Similar to the November 1994 issue, a notice encouraging the sale of ads to cover the bulletin (“the club’s largest expense”) was also posted.

 

 

 

Sports Nutrition Resources: Where to look for credible information

Nancy Clark

The Athlete's Kitchen

Copyright: Nancy Clark MS RD CSSD October 2019

 

Sports Nutrition Resources: Where to look for credible information

     Thanks to the Internet, we can easily become overloaded with conflicting nutrition information. A few Google searches can leave you confused about carbs, calories, keto, inflammation, weight management, and sports supplements. How do you know what and whom to believe?The following article identifies a few credible (sports) nutrition podcasts, blogs, books, and websites. You'll find trustworthy answers to your questions about how to fuel your body and resolve confusion about what's best to eat for optimal sports performance, good health, and high energy.

Blogs NutritionBlogNetwork.com offers a collection of blogs written by numerous registered dietitians. It's a site you can turn to for trusted advice on all things food, weight and nutrition. Some popular blogs within the Network include TobyAmidorNutrition.com/my-blog and SnackingInSneakers.com. For sports nutrition information, you're welcome to enjoy my blog at NancyClarkRD.com/blog.

Podcasts   Podcasts offer a handy way to learn about (sports) nutrition while exercycling, running, or walking the dog. The hosts commonly interview researchers who are conducting the latest studies with athletes. Some of my favorite podcasts include:

SoundbitesRD.com/podcast with Melissa Joy Dobbins RD.  You'll hear about all things daily nutrition, with a focus on current food topics and controversies.

We Do Science, (theiopn.com/podcasts,. hosted by UK sports nutritionist Dr. Laurent Bannock.

Episode #118: "Swifter, Higher, Stronger" with Professors Louise Burke and John Hawley is well worth a listen.

ScienceOfUltra.com/podcasts, hosted by exercise physiologist and Idaho State University professor Shawn Bearden PhD.

Episode #69: Training on Low Glycogen offers food for thought.

PHITforaQueen.podbean.com, hosted by sports nutritionist Rebecca McConville RD and therapist Kara Shelman LCSW. This podcast is devoted to female athletes wanting it all: Performance, Health, Intellect, and Time. You might like the episode with marathoner Allie Kieffer I don't run fast because I am light. I run fast because I am stronger.

Websites

• Exercise physiologist, researcher and Ironman triathlete Asker Jeukendrup PhD of the Netherlands offers abundant information for athletes and sports nutrition educators at MySportScience.com. The site provides a wide range of sport science topics with info-graphics that are highly educational for visual learners.

TeamUSA.org, the website for the US Olympic Committee, offers fun cooking videos with Olympians: TeamUSA.org/Cooking-With-Team-USA. You'll find recipes for many yummy, healthy sports foods, including entrees, snacks, smoothies, and desserts.

     The website also offers sports nutrition fact sheets, including sample Athlete Plates with suggested meals for easy, moderate or hard exercise days. (From www.TeamUSA.org home page, click on Safe Sport, then High Performance Programs, and then Nutrition.)

Ausport.gov/ais/nutrition, the website for the Australian Institute of Sport, offers abundant sports nutrition information. If you have questions about creatine, sodium bicarbonate, or other ergogenic aids, the sport supplement section identifies which ones work, which ones need more research, and which ones are bunk.

EDCatalogue.com offers helpful information about eating disorders, including tips for families and friends. The website includes a bookstore with more than 200 self-help titles that can help an athlete find peace with food. The site also has excellent podcasts with top-notch experts in the field of eating disorders. Both athletes and health professionals alike will glean information that helps them better understand and manage eating disorders. 

Books

The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Complete Food and Nutrition Guide by Roberta Duyff RD is a hefty general nutrition resource. It covers all nutrition topics and will answer your questions about food for health.

Nancy Clark's Sports Nutrition Guidebook new 6th edition (2019) offers the latest information about fueling for sports, weight management, and life. Includes recipes!

Plant-based Sports Nutrition by Enette Larson-Meyer PhD RD offers in-depth information to help vegetarians and vegans enjoy a meatless diet and excel as an athlete.

Food and Fitness After 50: Eat Well, Move Well, Be Well by Christine Rosenbloom RD PhD and exercise physiologist Bob Murray PhD is perfect for mid-life fitness exercisers.

Overcoming Amenorrhea: Get Your Period Back. Get Your Life Back by runner (and podcaster) Tina Muir is a must-read for female athletes who have stopped getting menstrual periods.

• For a wide array of trustworthy books related to exercise, training, and sports nutrition, check out the numerous titles at Human Kinetics publishing house: www.us.humankinetics.com.

Concluding comment

While the above resources offer self-help information, the better way to improve your diet (and performance) is by enrolling the help of a registered dietitian nutritionist (RD or RDN) who specializes in sports nutrition. No blog, podcast or book can replace personalized food help. To find you local RD, use the referral network at FindAnRD.eatright.org   Why just be a good athlete when you can be a better one?

Sports Nutritionist Nancy Clark, MS, RD counsels both casual and competitive athletes at her office in Newton, MA (617-795-1875). The new 6th edition of her best selling Sports Nutrition Guidebook addresses today's questions and concerns about what to eat. For more information, visit www.NancyClarkRD.com. For her online workshop, see NutritionSportsExerciseCEUs.com.

 

 

Dr. Gabe Mirkin's Fitness and Health e-Zine

Dr. Gabe Mirkin's Fitness and Health e-Zine
October 13, 2019

 

Red Meat Associated with Heart Attacks, Certain Cancers, and Premature Death

 

Don't believe the recent headlines suggesting that people can continue to eat their usual amounts of meat without suffering any increase in risk for illness or premature death. These news stories are based on articles in the Annals of Internal Medicine (September 30, 2019), that have caused many members of the scientific community to respond with horror and disbelief. Eating either meat or sugar increases disease risk and shortens lives. The authors summarized studies of meat reduction in populations that ate more sugar and other refined carbohydrates instead, so they showed that you gain nothing by substituting one harmful food, sugar, for another, meat. The authors did not analyze studies in which healthful foods, such as vegetables, beans, nuts and fruits, were substituted for meat.

Thirteen prominent researchers on the health risks of eating meat, including one of the authors of these new papers, wrote to the Annals' editor-in-chief, Christine Laine, MD, MPH, requesting a delay in publication of the papers. This group included Harvard's Walter Willett; David Katz of the True Health Initiative; Dean Ornish, MD, longtime researcher on the link between nutrition and heart attacks; Kim Williams, MD, former American College of Cardiology president; and former U.S. Surgeon General Richard Carmona, MD. Severe criticisms of the studies exonerating meat have already been issued by The American Heart Association, the American Cancer Society, the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health and many other groups. The Harvard group warned that these recommendations "harm the credibility of nutrition science and erode public trust in scientific research." The Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine filed a petition against the journal with the Federal Trade Commission.
 

Dr. Frank Sacks, past chair of the American Heart Association's nutrition committee, called the research "fatally flawed." Dr. Frank Hu, chairman of Harvard's Department of Nutrition, called it "irresponsible and unethical," and said that the consistency of the conclusions of many studies over many years gives credibility to the association of red meat with heart attacks, cancers and premature death. There was disagreement about the safety of meat even among the authors of these papers, and three of the 14 authors concluded that people should reduce their intake of meat.

 

The lead author of this analysis of meat, Bradley Johnston, did not disclose that he had written a similar report exonerating sugar from increased risk for diabetes, heart attacks and premature death (Ann Intern Med, 2017;166(4):257-267). That study was financed by International Life Sciences Institute, an industry trade group largely supported by agribusiness, food and pharmaceutical companies and whose members have included McDonald's, Coca-Cola, PepsiCo and Cargill, one of the largest beef processors in North America. The ILSI "has long been accused by the World Health Organization and others of trying to undermine public health recommendations to advance the interests of its corporate members" (New York Times, October 4, 2019). Johnston said he was not required to disclose this conflict of interest because he received the money more than three years ago.

 

Flaws in These Papers
• The authors of these articles concluded that warnings linking meat consumption to heart disease and cancer are not backed by strong scientific evidence, yet they cited mostly observational studies, which cannot possibly show cause and effect. This type of study is never accepted to determine whether or not a prospective new drug is safe.
• The authors failed to include the countless studies that have shown that meat shortens lives and causes various diseases in animals.
• The authors did not include studies that compared vegetarians and meat eaters, and did not report on what non-meat-eaters ate in place of meat. If you replace meat with sugar and other refined carbohydrates, you are not likely to benefit at all and you may increase risk for heart attacks and cancers because a high rise in blood sugar appears to increase heart attack and cancer risk even more than eating meat. Walter Willet, the former chairman of nutrition at Harvard, said that meat should be replaced with healthful, plant-based protein sources.
• Bonnie Liebman, Director of Nutrition at the Center for Science in the Public Interest, says, "One of the study's chief flaws is its reliance on the Women's Health Initiative study, a huge analysis of 48,000 women that had half the participants eating their regular diet and half eating a low-fat diet, which led to a half-ounce difference in meat consumption per day in the two groups, about a fifth of a hamburger. There was little difference in outcomes between the two groups, and because of its size, the Women's study may have skewed the overall results of the Annals of Internal Medicine report."
• Dr. Neal Barnard, founding president of the Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine, said that none of the reported studies compared the health of those who eat meat against those who don't eat meat. He said that we do not know how much meat is safe to eat, if any; the Seventh Day Adventist studies show that people who eat no meat at all are the healthiest. It is irresponsible to tell people that they can eat meat without setting some limit. "We don't tell people to cut down on cigarettes. We tell them to stop smoking."
• The one review of randomized papers on the safety of meat included many studies that were funded by the meat industry.
• The authors of these studies exonerating meat did not include the Lyon Heart trial or the PREDIMED trial, which both showed that eating meat was harmful.
• Restricting meat has been shown to have as strong a health benefit as eating lots of fruits and vegetables, exercising, or not smoking. Frank Hu of Harvard states that, "A moderate reduction in meat could reduce mortality by 7.6 percent, or about 200,000 deaths per year."

 

My Recommendations

• The evidence is so strong that processed meat is associated with increased cancer risk that the World Health Organization calls it a carcinogen (Annals of Oncology, Aug 2017;28(8):1788-1802).
• There is almost no debate in the scientific community that cooking meat without water (frying, broiling and so forth) forms polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) that are proven carcinogens (Cancer Med, 2015 Jun; 4(6): 936-952).
• Meta analyses of epidemiological studies indicate that the long-term consumption of red meat and particularly of processed meat is associated with an increased risk of death, heart disease, colorectal cancer and type 2 diabetes in both men and women. The association persists after correcting for confounding factors, such as age, race, weight, smoking, blood pressure, blood fats, exercise, and other dietary factors (Int J Vitam Nutr Res, 85(1-2), 2015, 70-78).
See my recent reports on Red Meat, Neu5Gc and Risk for Cancer
Heart Attacks Again Linked to Red Meat
Fried and Browned Foods Linked to Shorter Lives
Even Occasional Meat May Be Harmful